Sensation & perception
Shape can be perceived with different senses.
For overall size, Ŋarâþ Crîþ uses the verbs ⟨mervit⟩ large and ⟨nôrit⟩ small, the latter being colexified with young. ⟨gadosit⟩ is an intensified counterpart to ⟨mervit⟩.
The basic verb for seeing is ⟨menat⟩. ⟨vonat⟩ and ⟨varmenat⟩ imply a sense of volition on top.
For bright, Ŋarâþ Crîþ uses the verb ⟨lirnat⟩ for emitting a large amount of light and ⟨csarneat⟩ for well-lit. The antonym of the former is the verb ⟨arelit⟩ (also meaning difficult to see). and that of the latter is the noun ⟨crîna⟩ (also meaning black or dark in color).
Ŋarâþ Crîþ has the six basic color terms. Interestingly, color terms are asymmetric syntactically: only two color terms have both a nominal and verbal form.
|Green or blue
Color terms can be used attributively by using the genitive singular forms for nominal forms and the participles for verbal forms.
Verbal color terms can be used predicatively as is. Nominal color terms can be used predicatively by using the relational ⟨čil⟩ with the subject being the color and the object being the object with that color. If the colored object is not solid, then the verb ⟨eþit⟩ is used with the object in the locative case.
In addition, ⟨crîna⟩ and ⟨ineþa⟩ are used for the characteristic of being dark or pale in general.
[TODO: RGB and CMY primary color terms]
The basic verb for hearing is ⟨crešit⟩, from which ⟨varešit⟩ listen to a person speaking; read carefully is derived.
For voices, ⟨firit⟩ is used to refer to high pitch (colexified with thin (lamina)); conversely, ⟨vrelat⟩ is used to refer to low pitch (colexified with thick).
The main verbs describing loudness are ⟨vregit⟩ loud and ⟨cicþit⟩ soft. Their more extreme counterparts are ⟨gelgačit⟩ and the noun ⟨išiłte⟩.
⟨cličit⟩ rough, grating
⟨tecsat⟩ is used for touch or feel.
temperature: ⟨ercit⟩ cold
hardness?: ⟨nêlit⟩ soft
texture: ⟨cličit⟩ rough
⟨ħacal⟩ is used for smell or odor; ⟨calit⟩ is to sense it.
⟨ifoma⟩ is used for taste and flavor; ⟨evantat⟩ is to sense it. Ŋarâþ Crîþ does not generally distinguish taste and flavor.
Terms for specific tastes include ⟨cełirat⟩ sweet, ⟨gelfat⟩ bitter, ? salty, ? sour, ? umami, ⟨cþîrvit⟩ spicy, ? minty, and ? fatty.
Terms for intensity of taste include ? intense, flavorful and ? bland.